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August 07 · 3 min read

How Does AWS Work? Explained in 8 Steps

AWS Cloud

Anitha S

Techjays Blogger

Graphical image showing the working of AWS

How Does AWS Work? Explained in 8 Steps


Introduction to AWS

It operates on a highly virtualized infrastructure that allows businesses to leverage cloud resources dynamically.

Here’s an overview of how it works:
a. Virtualized Infrastructure
AWS’s infrastructure consists of physical servers that are divided into multiple virtual machines (VMs) or containers. These virtualized resources can be provisioned and managed using AWS services.
b. Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
EC2 is AWS’s core virtual server infrastructure. Users can rent virtual machines known as instances and configure them with the desired compute capacity, memory, storage, and networking capabilities. EC2 instances can be provisioned in minutes and can be easily scaled up or down to meet changing demands.
c. AWS Storage Services
It offers a range of storage services to meet various needs. Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) provides highly scalable and durable object storage for storing and retrieving any amount of data. Amazon EBS (Elastic Block Store) offers persistent block-level storage volumes for use with EC2 instances.
d. Networking Services
It provides networking services that enable connectivity and security for applications. Amazon VPC (Virtual Private Cloud) allows users to create isolated virtual networks within the AWS infrastructure. Users can define their IP address range, subnets, and network gateways. AWS also offers networking features like load balancing, DNS management, and VPN connectivity.
e. Managed Services
It offers a range of managed services that abstract the complexity of managing infrastructure and applications. For example, AWS Lambda enables serverless computing, where users can run code without provisioning or managing servers. Elastic Beanstalk simplifies the deployment and management of applications by automatically handling the underlying infrastructure.
f. Security and Compliance
It incorporates robust security measures to protect customer data. It provides features such as identity and access management (IAM), encryption at rest and in transit, network firewalls, and DDoS protection. It also complies with various industry standards and regulations, ensuring the security and compliance of customer applications and data.
g. Global Infrastructure
It has a global network of data centers spread across different regions and availability zones. This infrastructure allows businesses to deploy their applications closer to their target audience, reducing latency and improving performance. By strategically placing resources in various geographic locations, it ensures high availability and fault tolerance, enabling applications to maintain functionality even in the face of disruptions. It also offers data redundancy and disaster recovery capabilities, safeguarding valuable information against unexpected incidents. This distributed approach to infrastructure design not only optimizes user experience but also enhances the overall reliability and resilience of applications hosted on the AWS platform.
h. Tools and Services
It provides a rich set of tools and services for application development, deployment, and management. Developers can leverage services like AWS Elastic Beanstalk, AWS Code Deploy, and AWS Code Pipeline to automate deployment processes. It also offers SDKs and APIs for various programming languages, allowing developers to integrate AWS services into their applications.


It has established itself as a leading cloud platform, empowering businesses to build scalable, reliable, and innovative solutions. With its scalability, reliable infrastructure, a wide range of services, security measures, global presence, cost optimization tools, developer-friendly environment, and strong community support, AWS provides a comprehensive solution for businesses embracing the cloud. Whether you are a startup, a small business, or an enterprise, It offers the tools and resources to transform your organization and drive success in the digital age.

Embrace the power of AWS and unlock new possibilities for your business. Experience scalability, reliability, and innovation with Amazon Web Services.
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